Printer icon

Massage therapy techniques

  1. Learn massage
  2.  ›
  3. Massage therapy information
  4.  ›
  5. Massage therapy techniques

Have you ever heard of massage therapy techniques such as effleurage, friction, petrissage, palper-rouler,  tapping, pressure and vibration?

therapeutic touch massage

They are used to characterize each type of massage. There are therefore basic techniques common to all massages as well as specific movements unique to each.

Massage therapy techniques

Whatever the purpose of massage you want to receive (therapeuticrelaxation or wellness), the massage therapist will always use one of the basic massage therapy techniques. The differences are essentially the intensity of the pressure you will get, the sense of touch and the part of the hand used to apply the massage.

Pressure's intensity

The intensity of the pressure depends on the purpose of the massage and your condition.

The easiest method is to slide your hands over the area to be massaged with light pressure.

The movements can be soft, slow or rhythmic, depending on the technique used.

But for some techniques such as tapping, the actions to be performed consist of a light tapping to stimulate the strategic areas of the body. It is also an effective technique to prepare muscles for intense physical effort. This is why tapping is especially appreciated by athletes. In addition, the pressure applied during this massage comes directly from the massage therapist's wrists.

To relax the muscle, pressure can take several different forms such as a series of percussion.

The sense of touch

The sense of touch is different depending on the expected result. Some of the most common gestures in massage therapy techniques include:

  1. movements that follow the direction of the length of the body
  2. movements from bottom to top
  3. circular motions
  4. spiral movements

Area of the mobilized hand

Some techniques, such as effleurage, involve all whole palm of the hand. Others, on the other hand, mobilize only the fingers, most often the thumb.

This is the case of kneadingwhere the thumb and heel of the hand are used to remove grease deposits and deep accumulating waste deposits.

Other areas of the hand can also be solicited to achieve a good massage. The palms, the sharp edges and the fleshy are essential tools for the effectiveness of certain massage therapy techniques.

Most used techniques

Massage uses several techniques to be more efficient and offer maximum benefits.

Basic techniques include:

  1. effleurage
  2. palper rouler
  3. petrissage
  4. tapotement

However, there are other more specific but equally well known techniques: it is called rubbing, pressure and vibration massage.

Effleurage is usually used at the beginning or end of a massage session. The pressure intensity may vary depending on the mass and intended use.

The massage therapist can thus proceed with a super light or deep massage.

Different parts of the hand are used during a effleurage, but the fingers and palms are the most stressed. The best way to apply this technique is to start with a light massage, then slowly move on to a deeper massage.

However, certain cautions must be taken during a effleurage session:

Sensitive areas such as sciatica or arthritis should not be given a deep massage.

 It is essential to be comfortable in order to relax the muscles and maximize the benefits of this massage technique.

The sense of touch should follow the lymphatic ducts according to the orientation of the nearest lymph nodes.

As for the pressure, it is practiced to relieve muscle tension.

The massage therapist locates the nodes by the pressure of his fingers, usually the index or middle finger, and compresses them with his thumb and fingers.

This massage has tonic effects and promotes blood circulation. Frequently used to relax the muscles of the shoulder blades, hands, feet and neck, pressure is a strong effort.

Finally, vibration is a set of movements designed to shake, tap or hammer your body. Hands are valuable tools during a vibration massage. It is common for massage therapists to use some devices to reach the most important facial joints.

Vibration has the advantage of promoting relaxation and circulation; massage allows you to take care of your body. The different techniques applied will allow you to obtain a better body shape, perfect curves and a quickly visible result.

Do you like this page?
Share it with your friends on Facebook.

Have a comment?

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Didn't find what you were looking for?
Use this search feature to find it.

For frequently asked Massage questions, use the form below :-)

They will appear on this page (below).